This is a very complicated world. In this world, there are many different views and ways of thinking. As a programmer, I will also have programmers’ thinking. The programmer’s thinking is closer to mathematical thinking. The mathematical way of thinking makes it easy to geographically understand this chaotic world. In fact, you don’t need too complicated mathematical logic. You only need to use some simple mathematical methods to greatly improve your cognitive ability. Record a piece of my own way of thinking, on the one hand for your reference, but also for higher-level people to correct me. It is “open-source my way of thinking”. The opening is not only for output, but also to see if there is a better way.
In my way of thinking, I use mathematical logic to think. Generally speaking, I use a five-step way of thinking:
The first step: the information needs to be verified.
If the data of an opinion or an opinion is wrong, it will cause all the later opinions to be wrong. Therefore, the first thing is to verify or verify the data. In general, if the author of an article is rigorous enough, he needs to establish relevant references to his data or a method that can be verified. If an article appears, “relevant expert statement”, “American scientist’s proof”, “economist pointed out”, but there is no source, nor the name of the expert or scientist, or, Describe or cite methods that readers can verify themselves. Then, the quoted data or data cannot be verified. If it cannot be verified, then the water content of this article is very great. In general, when I read that there is no verifiable source or method for the contents of an article, generally, I will not read it again, because the value of this article is not significant anymore, if I care In this article, I will change the way to find it myself, although it becomes “heavy”, but it is very safe. (So, sites like Wikipedia are where I often go to get information, because information can be verified as its basic value)
Step 2: Process the collection and its containment relationships . This is a very simple mathematical logic for everyone. For example: a philosopher is a person and Plato is a philosopher, so Plato is a person. It’s an inference under an include relation. Don’t underestimate this simple logic. In fact, many people will not apply it well. On the contrary, when the emotions dominate them, they will replace their universality with dots and special cases. For example, map cannons are one type. They saw multiple cases, and they started to increase this case to a larger range. For example, Henan people, Xinjiang people are thieves, and Shanghai people are small citizens. The Japanese are perverted and anti-human … wait. In addition to these map guns, there are also people who deny the whole person. For example, if a person makes a mistake or has a defect in his personality, the whole person will be completely negated, and the employee’s grabbing the moon cake will rise to his value … In the logical inclusion of mathematics, the definition of the superset can be applied to the subset. The characteristics of the subset can be used to explore the superset, but it is not possible to define the superset. In addition, the size of the set is also a very important thing. Survivor bias can be a trap that is easy to fall because there may be a large sample set in your blind spot.
Step 3: Handle logical causality . The so-called causality is actually distinguishing sufficient and necessary conditions and sufficient and necessary conditions, and then processing whether the logic in them is related and has a very strong causality. The inability to distinguish between sufficient and necessary conditions to deal with causality is the fault of many people. Like I am ” efforts will be successful , said the same,” the “effort” and “successful” Is there a causal relationship? All kinds of logical confusion, concept stealing, fuzzy cause and effect, and speculation are all here. For example: covering the ears and stealing bells and cutting swords are signs of chaos in causality. People often confuse the two things that seem to happen together, but are not related. Causality is most likely to be obscured and stolen. For example, many people are easily confused that “overtime” will have “outputs”, confused “action” will have “results”, and confused “resistance” will win “Respect” confuses “criticism” equals “opposition” … and so on. In addition to these, many of the current comment articles in the WeChat public account have no causality in their conclusions and arguments. Many articles are confusing, vague, and fraudulent … Read more articles about causality problems. Keep away from brain damage .
Step 4: Find a reliable baseline . Just like when we write code, we all look for some best practices or industry standards. The reason is that such things have been reviewed by many people in the world for a long time. It is worth relying on and reliable. Yes, they will take into account many issues that you have not considered. Therefore, you will also see that many reviews will look for developed countries in Europe and the United States for reference, because after all, people’s culture is relatively civilized, scientific, open and advanced. Finding universal or international standards will make progress easier. For example, the mentality of strengthening communication through openness and tolerance is much better than the mentality of closing and resisting hostility. The wise build a bridge and the fool build a wall. Of course, we are also beginning to find that in some cases, those that are good for ourselves are benchmarked, and those that are not good for ourselves are not benchmarked. In addition, except for good things, bad things are also being benchmarked in Europe and the United States. “Baseline” and “random baseline”, this method requires our careful discrimination.
Step 5: Deeper and higher-dimensional thinking . If one thing is only thinking on the surface, it is actually a shallow thinking. When Amazon, the online system fails, you need to write a report of the “Correction of Errors”, which requires Ask 5 Whys (see Wikipedia ’s Five Whys term) Article ), this way of thinking can allow you to continuously ask deep-seated essential questions, and will allow you to do a lot of investigation and research yourself, so that you will not become a simple animal that only thinks on the surface. For example: When you see something unexpected (such as a negative violent event), you need to ask why it happened and why? Then list the reasons as possible as possible, and then continue to question and copy the evidence (this is the same as writing a program, you need to consider and analyze from the positive case and the negative case to write a strong code), we only Will come up with a more robust answer or structure.
The “independent thinking” of more people is actually nothing but random thinking without rules.
From the above five points, I believe you can easily identify or distinguish which information is reliable and which information is ridiculous, and even improve your own speech and thinking.
But that’s enough, if one has the ability to distinguish right from wrong, it is also very good. Although you don’t know what the facts are, you won’t follow blindly and believable, so you won’t be instigated, and you will become a “broiler” behind the scenes.
Say a few more words, here are some of my personal practices:
When a news report does not cover objective facts but incorporates many points of view, the news report is not credible.
Critical articles cannot be fully trusted without sufficient authoritative evidence.
Information that is not public and that is intentionally shielded cannot be used as a trusted source of information.
When something is right or wrong, you must be very careful. There is no complete black or white in this world.
At this time, you should look at reports from different angles, gather more information, and ask why.
You are welcome to tell me some of your practices and ways of thinking.